Improving Students’ Awareness of Functional Literacy

Dita Surwanti, Isti'anatul Hikmah

Abstract


One of the ironic facts that existed in our society is functional illiteracy. It does not mean that people cannot read or write. People know how to read and write but are unable to understand the meaning of a text they read. Thus, this research was held to answer the question of “How can students’ awareness of functional literacy be improved?” This research applied a classroom action research. The results showed that functional literacy was not working due to several reasons such as the students’ ignorance of the surroundings, misunderstanding of the instructions, and lacking reading comprehension and language mastery. Students’ awareness of functional literacy was improved by implementing regular instructional announcements and reminders. The functional literacy which was also measured from the students’ reading comprehension increased from the pre-test, which was 34.09, to 63.17 on the 1st cycle and 69.69 on the 2nd cycle. It can be concluded that functional literacy requires practice and habituation. Students reading comprehension and language mastery are the other matters to be considered in the success of functional literacy. The last, habituation that is directly related to daily life needs sustainable practices, not only in the classroom but also outside in order to become a habit and they can live well in the society.


Keywords


functional literacy; reading, awareness

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bhola, H.S. & Gómez, S.V. (2008). Signposts to Literacy for Sustainable Development: Complementary Studies. Hamburg: UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning.

Bravo, David., Contreras, Dante., Larrañaga, Osvaldo. (2002). Functional Literacy and Job Opportunities. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/241768059_Functional_Literacy_and_Job_Opportunities on December 14, 2019.

Central Connecticut State University. (2016). Worlds Most Literate Nation Ranked. Retrieved from https://webcapp.ccsu.edu/?news=1767&data on May 30, 2019.

Depdiknas, (2009). Functional Literacy Programme. Retrieved from https://media.neliti.com/.../260107-pengembangan-model-pembelajaran-keaksara-fd1 on May 30, 2019.

Dourish, P., Bellotti.V. (1992). Awareness and Coordination in Shared Workspaces. Computer-supported cooperative work, New York, 107114.

Duke, N. (2003). Comprehension Instruction for Informational Text. The Michigan Reading Association, Grand Rapids, MI.

Edwards, V., Corson, D. (eds). (1997). Functional Literacy. Encyclopedia of Language and Education, Volume 2: Literacy, 127-132.

Frankel, Katherine K., et al. (2016). What is Reading? to What is Literacy?. Journal of Education, volume 196, number 3.

Gilakjani, Abbas Pourhosein. (2016). How Can Students Improve Their Reading Comprehension Skill?. Journal of Studies in Education. Vol. 6, No. 2. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5296/jse.v6i2.9201 on December 14, 2019.

Groenestijn, van M. (2003). Functional Numeracy. The 10th International Conference on Adults Learning Mathematics (ALM) Learning Mathematics to Live and Work in our World. Strobl.

Hadi, Abdul. (2019). HOAX dan Literasi Digital di Indonesia. Retrieved from https://geotimes.co.id/opini/hoaks-dan-literasi-digital-di-indonesia/ on May 30, 2019.

Indriyanti, Rita., Prasetyo, Zuhdan. (2018). Improving the Experiment Report Writing Skills of Fifth Graders through the Discovery Learning Method. Jurnal Prima Edukasia, Vol. 6 (1), 102-110.

Johnson, L.R.( 2016). Cultural and Social Uses of Orality and Functional Literacy: A Narrative Approach. Reading & Writing, 7(1), a119.

Keenan, J. M., Betjemann, R. S., & Olson, R. K. (2008). Reading Comprehension Tests Vary in The Skills They Assess: Differential Dependence on Decoding and Oral Comprehension. Scientific Studies of Reading, 12, 281-300. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10888430802132279 on December 14, 2019.

Mukan, Nataliya., Fuchyla, Olena. (2016). Functional Literacy Learning in the System of Adult Education in Belgium. Advanced Education, Issue 6, 34-39.

Nafukho, F., Amutabi, M. & Otunga, R. (2005). Foundations of Adult Education in Africa. Cape Town: UNESCO Institute for Education.

Reinhardt, Wolfgang., et al. (2012). Understanding the meaning of awareness in Research Networks. The 2nd Workshop on Awareness and Reflection in Technology-Enhanced Learning, Saarbrücken, 13-30.

Renandya, Willy A. (2007). The Power of Extensive Reading, 38 (113). Retrieved from http://rel.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/38/2/133 on May 30, 2019.

Riel, M. (2016). Understanding Action Research, Center for Collaborative Action Research. Pepperdine University. Retrieved from http://cadres.pepperdine.edu/ccar/define.html on May 30, 2019.

Smagorinsky, P. (2001). If Meaning is Constructed, Whats It Made From? Toward a Cultural Theory of Reading. Review of Educational Research, 71(1), 133169.

The World Bank. (2018). Indonesia Economic Quarterly. Washington: World Bank Group.

UNESCO. (2015). Adult and Youth Literacy. UIS Fact Sheet. Paris: UNESCO Institute for Statistics.

Vagvolgyi, et al. (2016). A Review about Functional Illiteracy: Definition, Cognitive, Linguistic, and Numerical Aspects. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5102880/ on May 30, 2019.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.12928/eltej.v2i2.1307

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Dita Surwanti, Isti'anatul Hikmah

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


English Language Teaching Educational Journal
Kampus 4 Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
Jl. Ringroad Selatan, Tamanan, Bantul, Yogyakarta
E-mail: eltej@pbi.uad.ac.id


e-ISSN: 2621-6485


 

View My Stats