Narrative review: pengaruh terapi massage counterpressure terhadap pengurangan nyeri dalam persalinan

Authors

  • Hutari Puji Astuti Universitas Aisyiyah Yogyakarta Universitas Kusuma Husada Surakarta
  • Andari Wuri Astuti Universitas Aisyiyah Yogyakarta
  • Dinar Agustin Universitas Aisyiyah Yogyakarta
  • Hardiyanti Fitrah Awaliyah Universitas Aisyiyah Yogyakarta
  • Gana Rendra Winarti Universitas Aisyiyah Yogyakarta
  • Vanny Oktaviani Jaya Universitas Aisyiyah Yogyakarta

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.12928/promkes.v3i2.4573

Keywords:

Narative review, Massage, Counterpressure, Labor pain

Abstract

Labor often prompts unpleasant, fearful, or, further, traumatic
experiences due to the pain it entails. Scientific evidence suggests that
pain during labor can be managed using two methods; pharmacological
and non-pharmacological. Pharmacology is a method of using drugs,
whereas non-pharmacologic is without the administration of drugs. The nonpharmacological
method is known as complementary and alternative
therapies, one practice is through massage. Massage frequently
performed to reduce labor pain is counterpressure. The purpose of this
study is to investigate the effect of counterpressure massage therapy as
a measure to reduce labor pain. The method used is a narrative review.
Article exploration was carried out in several databases, which are
Pubmed and Science Direct. In the case of Gray Literature, it was
accessed via Google Scholar. Specific keywords were employed for
literature search and articles were selected by considering inclusion and
exclusion criteria. The article selection process was elaborated
transparently in the PRISMA Flowchart. From the article selection
procedure, 14 articles were identified and fulfilled the criteria. Thus,
articles were critically analyzed (Critical Appraisal) using the Mixed
Method Appraisal Tool (MMAT). The review concludes that
counterpressure is a massage performed by applying continuous
pressure to the patient's sacral with the heel of the hand or fist of the
hand. Counterpressure massage can be done in a straight stroke or small
circular stroke. This technique is proven to be sufficient in relieving back
pain during labor. The recommendation suggested is based on the 14
articles reviews carried out that a common problem occurring in laboring
women is physiological pain experience during childbirth so that it may
provoke bad experiences for mothers, especially fear and anxiety that
may lead to prolonged labor.

Labor often prompts an unpleasant, fearful, or, further, traumatic experiences due to the pain it entails. Scientific evidence suggests that pain during labor can be managed using two methods; pharmacological and non-pharmacological. Pharmacology is a method of using drugs, whereas non-pharmacologic is without the administration of drugs. Non-pharmacological method is known as complementary and alternative therapies, one practice is through massage. Massage frequently performed to reduce labor pain is counterpressure. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of counterpressure massage therapy as a measure to reduce labor pain. The method used is a narrative review. Article exploration was carried out in several databases, which are Pubmed and Science Direct. In the case of Gray Literature, it was accessed via Google Scholar. Specific keywords were employed for literature search and articles were selected by considering inclusion and exclusion criteria. The article selection process was elaborated transparently in the PRISMA Flowchart. From the article selection procedure, 14 articles were identified and fulfilled the criteria. Thus, articles were critically analyzed (Critical Appraisal) using the Mixed Method Appraisal Tool (MMAT). The review concludes that counterpressure is a massage performed by applying continuous pressure to the patient's sacral with the heel of the hand or fist of the hand. Counterpressure massage can be done in a straight stroke or small circular stroke. This technique is proven to be sufficient in relieving back pain during labor. The recommendation suggested is based on the 14 articles reviews carried out that a common problem occurring in laboring women is physiological pain experience during childbirth so that it may provoke bad experiences for mothers, especially fear and anxiety that may lead to prolonged labor

References

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Published

2021-09-15

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