Video Cartoons and Task-Induced Involvement: Effects to Pupils’ L2 Incidental Literacy Acquisition


  • Elaiza Flor S. Arabiana English Department, MSU-Iligan Institute of Technology
  • Dayvin Adrian Ember A. Malifer English Department, MSU-Iligan Institute of Technology
  • Helen Ranoco Betonio English Department, MSU-Iligan Institute of Technology



Incidental literacy acquisition, task-induced involvement, close-captioned videos


While most studies that explored children’s incidental literacy acquisition focused on input from written text, this quantitative-qualitative study investigated the effects of using audio-visual input through close-captioned Aesop’s Fables cartoons from PinkFong and Task-Induced Involvement (n=6 eight-year old pupils). Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test reveals that there is a significant difference in the pretest, immediate posttest and delayed posttests scores after the intervention as shown in the 90%-95% confidence level. This study also examines quantitatively the interconnectedness of the four areas of children’s literacy skills: vocabulary, oral vocabulary and pronunciation, orthographic skill and comprehension after watching cartoons and engaging in tasks. Findings reveal a high correlation between the four literacy skills reflected as 95% confidence intervals. These findings reveal that incidental literacy acquisition is approached holistictically: the acquisition of one skill leads to the acquisition of the other literacy skills.

Author Biographies

Elaiza Flor S. Arabiana, English Department, MSU-Iligan Institute of Technology

Elaiza Flor M. Arabiana is a graduate of Bachelor of Arts  in English from MSU-Iligan Institute of Technology.

Dayvin Adrian Ember A. Malifer, English Department, MSU-Iligan Institute of Technology

Dayvin Adrian Ember S. Malifer is a graduate of Bachelor of Arts  in English from MSU-Iligan Institute of Technology.

Helen Ranoco Betonio, English Department, MSU-Iligan Institute of Technology

Helen R. Betonio is a faculty member of the English Department of MSU-Iligan Institute of Technology, Iligan City, Philippines. Her research interests include language teaching and learning, language assessement and other areas of Applied Linguistics.


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How to Cite

Arabiana, E. F. S., Malifer, D. A. E. A., & Betonio, H. R. (2020). Video Cartoons and Task-Induced Involvement: Effects to Pupils’ L2 Incidental Literacy Acquisition. English Language Teaching Educational Journal, 3(2), 151–162.