Islamic Education in Indonesia: Challenges and Opportunities in the Context of Multiculturalism


  • Adi Bayu Nugroho Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
  • Mhd Lailan Arqam universitas ahmad dahlan



Islamic Religious Education in Indonesia faces significant challenges and opportunities in the increasingly complex context of multiculturalism. The aim of this study is to analyze the opportunities and challenges faced in efforts to provide effective and inclusive Islamic religious education in Indonesia, which is a country with a rich diversity of religions, cultures and ethnicities. This study uses a descriptive-analytical research method by conducting a literature review of previous studies, the latest educational policies, and related official documents. The results of the analysis show that there are several main challenges that need to be overcome in Islamic religious education in Indonesia. First, differences in understanding and practice of Islam between different ethnic and cultural groups complicate an inclusive learning process. Second, the lack of a pedagogical approach that suits the needs of students from multicultural backgrounds can hinder an in-depth understanding of the Islamic religion. Third, the imbalance in the number of qualified teachers in Islamic religious education can affect teaching quality. However, opportunities that can be utilized in improving Islamic religious education in Indonesia are, First, a multicultural approach in teaching Islamic religion can encourage a better understanding of tolerance, cooperation, and mutual understanding among students. Second, the use of communication and information technology can expand access to quality Islamic religious learning materials. Third, collaboration between educational institutions and local Islamic communities can enrich students' learning experiences through extracurricular activities and field trips.