PERFORMATIVITAS IDENTITAS GENDER DAN SEKSUALITAS DALAM NOVEL IMARAH YAKUBIAN KARYA ALA AL-ASWANI

Authors

  • Herpin Nopiandi Khurosan IAIN Salatiga

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.12928/mms.v1i2.2053

Keywords:

Performativity, Ala Al-Aswani, Judith Butler

Abstract

This study examines aspects of the performativity of gender identity and sexuality in the novel Imarah Yakubian by Alaa al-Awani. Through Judith Butler's theory of performativity, the author examines how the identity and gender sexuality performativity of the characters and how the attitude of the characters in the novel Imarah Yaqubian in responding to the dominance of heteronormativity.

The results showed that Egyptian society which was dominated by heteronormativity ideology gave birth to the marginalization of homosexuals. Individuals who have 'deviant' gender and sexuality tendencies respond to compliance, negotiation, or resistance. Compliance in the novel IY was shown by Abduh by positioning and publicly showing himself as what was considered normal by the general public. The moderate-negotiate response was demonstrated by Hatim al-Rashid's figure by showing the things that were acceptable to the public in the public sphere and showing what he wanted in the private sphere.

References

Al-Aswani, Alaa. 2002. Imarah Yakubian. Kairo: Dar al-Shuruk.

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Butler, Judith. 1999. Gender Trouble (Feminism and the Subversion of Identity). London: Routledge

Butler, Judith. 2004. Performativity, Precarity, and Sexual Politic. Madrid: Antropologos Iberoamericanos.
Butler, Judith. 2020. The Force of Non-Violence: An Ethico-Political Bind. London-New York: Verso.
Howland, Elizabeth E. E. 2009. “A Search for Authenticity : Understanding Zadie Smith's White Teeth Using Judith Butler'sPerformativity and Jane Austen's Satire.” East Carolina University.
Mourad, Ghada. 2017. “Unruly Bodies : Modernity , Dissensus , and the Political Subject in the Postcolonial Arab World.” University of California, Irvine.
Olson, Tanya. 2001. “Beyond The Pale: Queer Theory and The Politics of Irish Literature”. Disertasi. The University of North Carolina at Greensbroro.
Spargo, Tasmin. 2000. Michael Foucault and Queer Theory. New York: Totem Book.

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Published

2020-07-31

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Articles