Bridging the Gap: The Role of Apprenticeship Training Programs


  • Ramasamy Ravichandran PSS Central Institute of Vocational Education (NCERT)



Apprenticeship, Training Programs, Vocational Education, skills gap, employability


This paper summarizes a study on the prospects and challenges of apprenticeship training programs for vocational students from schools in India. The study explores the current state of vocational education in India and the potential benefits of apprenticeship programs for students. It also discusses the challenges faced by the implementation of such programs, including the lack of coordination between educational institutions and industry, inadequate infrastructure, and inadequate regulatory framework. The study concludes that apprenticeship training programs have the potential to address the skills gap in India's workforce and improve the employability of vocational students, but significant efforts are needed to overcome the existing challenges and create a more supportive ecosystem for apprenticeship training programs in India.


ATP (2023) Apprenticeship Training Portal, Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, Government of India.

FICCI (2023) Implementation of Apprenticeship in India: A Study

Gupta, R., & Dharap, O. (2022). How is India skilling its youth? A comprehensive study. Journal of Vocational Education & Training, 1-27.

MoE (2023) ICT Initiatives of Ministry of Education, Government of India.

NAPS (2023) Guidelines for Implementation of National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme

NATS (2023) National Apprenticeship Training Scheme, Instituted by Board of Apprenticeship Training / Practical Training, Ministry of Education, Government of India

Naveen, H. M. (2022). UGC Guidelines for Synchronization of Apprenticeship/Internship in Degree Programmes of HEIs. International Journal of Scientific Research in Computer Science, Engineering and Information Technology, 8(01), 180-186.

The Apprentices Act, 1961.

World Bank Report (2020) Possible Futures for the Indian Apprenticeship System Options Paper for India, International Labour Office, New Delhi, India., A. (2019). Curiculum development components and models. Education Inspiring journal, 8(1), 1-9.