Development of Learning Devices of Basic Electronic Virtual Laboratory Based on PSPICE Software

Muchlas Muchlas, Pramudita Budiastuti


The availability of modules to support basic electronic practices based on virtual laboratories has not yet met the needs. The purpose of this development research is to produce basic electronic practice learning devices based on the PSPICE application program. The development procedure uses ADDIE (analysis, design, development, implementation, evaluation). ADDIE is used to direct the design process as specified. Product performance was tested using ongoing formative evaluation. The product feasibility test uses a comparative analysis of the results of the PSPICE experiment against the theory. The results show that all modules developed can display the same characteristics as their theoretical character. The results show that the modules have very good performance. Modules are suitable for use as a medium for basic electronic practice using PSPICE-based virtual laboratories. The products are in the form of electronic circuits with 31 schematic PSPICE formats. Product results to support basic electronic practices covering topics: capacitor filling and discharging, RC circuits, diode characteristics, wave forming circuits, rectifier circuits, voltage clamp, voltage circuits, transistor characteristics, and amplifier transistor.


basic electronics; PSPICE software; virtual laboratory

Full Text:



Abdullahi, I., Yusoff, W. Z., & Gwamna, E. (2017). A review of physical and non-physical facilities performance on student satisfaction in Northern Nigerian Universities. Soc Sci, 12(4), 600-8.

Aguilar-Peña, J. D., Muñoz-Rodríguez, F. J., Rus-Casas, C., & Fernández-Carrasco, J. I. (2016). Blended learning for photovoltaic systems: Virtual laboratory with PSPICE. In 2016 Technologies Applied to Electronics Teaching (TAEE) (pp. 1–6). Seville: IEEE.

Akinfolarin, C. A., Ajayi, I. A., & Oloruntegbe, K. O. (2012). An Appraisal of Resource Utilization in Vocational and Technical Education in Selected Colleges of Education in Southwest Nigeria. Education, 2(1), 41-45.

Alessi, S. M., & Trollip, S. R. (2001). Multimedia for learning: Methods and development. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Ayuba, U., & Gatabazi, P. (2010). The role of technical and vocational education and training (TVET) in human resources development: The case of Tumba College of Technology (TCT). Rwanda: Tumba College of Technology.

Bailey, C., & Freeman, M. J. (2010). A java bread-board simulator: Digital circuit simulation with an open-source toolset. IADIS International Journal on Computer Science and Information System, 55(1), 13–25.

Bandele, S., & Faremi, Y. (2012). An investigation into the challenges facing the implementation of technical college curriculum in South West, Nigeria. Journal of Education and Practice, 3(12), 8-13.

Cadence Design Systems. (2016). PSPICE User Guide (Product Re). San Jose: Cadence Design Systems, Inc.

Chepkonga, M. C. (2017). Influence of learning facilities on provision of quality education in early childhood development centres in Kenya. International Journal of Education and Research, 5(6), 15-26.

Chukwunwendu, A. F. (2015). New dimensions in sourcing and utilization of resource materials for effective teaching and instruction in technical vocational education and training (TVET) in Nigeria. Education Journal, 4(6-1), 24-30.

Colace, F., Santo, M. De, & Pietrosanto, A. (2004). Work in progress - virtual lab for electronic engineering curricula. 34th Annual Frontiers in Education (pp. 22–24). Savannah: Frontiers in Education.

Colwell, C., Scanlon, E., & Cooper, M. (2002). Using remote laboratories to extend access to science and engineering. Computers & Education, 38(1-3), 65-76.

Cruickshank, W. M. (1983). Learning disabilities: A neurophysiological dysfunction. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 16(1), 27-29.

Dak, R., Khoje, S., & Pardeshi, P. J. (2017). A review on cost-efficient virtual laboratory: A teaching aid. In 2017 International Conference on Computing Methodologies and Communication (ICCMC) (pp. 663–667). Erode: IEEE.

Dhakal, K. R. (2017). Availability and utilization of instructional materials in teaching geography in secondary schools. The Third Pole: Journal of Geography Education, 17, 51-58.

Dobson, E. L., Hill, M., & Turner, J. D. (1995). An evaluation of the student response to electronics teaching using a CAL package. Computers & Education, 25(1-2), 13-20.

Elawady, Y. H., & Tolba, A. S. (2009). Educational objectives of different laboratory types: a comparative study. International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security (IJCSIS), 6(2), 89–96.

Farrington, J. K., Martz, E. L., Wells, S. J., Ennis, C. C., Holder, J.,

Levchuk, J. W., ... & Madden, J. M. (1994). Ability of laboratory methods to predict in-use efficacy of antimicrobial preservatives in an experimental cosmetic. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 60(12), 4553-4558.

Hessami, M., & Sillitoe, J. (1992). The role of laboratory experiments and the impact of high-tech equipment on engineering education. Australasian J. Eng. Education, 3, 119-126.

Hooker, M., Mwiyeria, E., Waweru, S., Ocharo, M., Bassi, R., Palmer, L., & Clarke, D. (2011). TVET ICT baseline survey. TVET Institutions in Kenya, MOHEST & GESCI, Nairobi.

Indoshi, F. C., Wagah, M. O., & Agak, J. O. (2010). Factors that determine students’ and teachers’ attitudes towards Art and Design curriculum. International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education, 2(1), 9-17.

Kashif, S. A. R., & Saqib, M. A. (2008). The use of Simulink and PSPICE as educational tools in the teaching of power electronics. Australian Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, 4(1), 55–61.

Kelani, R. A. (2007). Assessment of the adequacy and utilization of woodwork equipment for acquisition in technical colleges in Lagos and Ogun States. Master’s Thesis, University of Nigeria.

Kigwilu, P. C., & Akala, W. J. (2017). Resource utilisation and curriculum implementation in community colleges in Kenya. International Journal for Research in Vocational Education and Training (IJRVET), 4(4), 369-381.

Krivickas, R. V., & Krivickas, J. (2006). Laboratory instruction in engineering education. Global Journal of Engineering Eduation, 11(2), 191–196.

Lewis, I. (2018). The student experience of higher education (Vol. 16). Routledge.

Lustigova, Z., & Lustig, F. (2009). A new virtual and remote experimental and environment for teaching and learning science. In A. Tatnal & A. Jones (Eds.), Education and Technology for a Better World, 9th IFIP TC 3 World Conference on Computers in Education (pp. 75–82). New York: Springer.

Ma, J., & Nickerson, J. V. (2006). Hands-on, simulated, and remote laboratories: A comparative literature review. ACM Computing Surveys, 38(3), 1–24.

Magin, D. J., & Reizes, J. A. (1990). Computer simulation of laboratory experiments: An unrealized potential. Computers & Education, 14(3), 263-270.

Moochi, O. (2012). Availability, acquisition and Utilisation of instructional resources for teaching Geography in selected secondary schools in Central Kisii District (Master’s Thesis, Kenyatta University).

Muchlas. (2015). Developing a teaching model using an online collaboration approach for a digital technique practical work. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 14(3), 63–69.

Munguti, S. (2016). Learning resources and students’ academic performance in geography in Makueni county, Kenya (Doctoral dissertation).

Mupinga, D. M., Busby, J. R., & Ngatiah, J. W. (2006). Postsecondary technical and vocational education institutions in Kenya: Needs and challenges. International Journal of Vocational Education and Training, 14(1), 21-35.

Mutindi, K. Z. (2018). Teacher Qualification And Its Influence On The Use Of Instructional Resources In Ecde Centres In Kericho County, Kenya. European Journal of Education Studies.

Okolocha, C. C., & Nwadiani, C. O. (2015). Assessment of Utilization of ICT Resources in Teaching among Tertiary Institution Business Educators in South Nigeria. Journal of Education and Learning, 4(1), 1-10.

Okwudishu, C. H. (2005). Awareness and use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) among village secondary school teachers in Aniocha South Local Government Area of Delta State. Abraka: Delta State University Unpublished B. Sc (LIS) Project.

Omae, D. O., Onderi, P. O., Mokogi, H. M., Bantu, E., Barongo, S., Miroro, R. S., & Evans, M. N. (2016). Factors Affecting the Utilisation of Time as a Selected Teaching/Learning Resource in Public Day Secondary Schools in Nyacheki Division, Kisii County, Kenya. American Journal of Education and Learning, 1(1), 16-24.

Osarenren-Osaghae, R. I., & Irabor, Q. O. (2012). Availability and adequacy of human and material resources for the teaching and learning of skill-based courses in Nigeria public universities. Journal of Sociology and Social Anthropology, 3(1), 15-27.

Owoeye, J. S., & Olatunde Yara, P. (2011). School facilities and academic achievement of secondary school agricultural science in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Asian social science, 7(7), 64-74.

Philippatos, G. C., & Moscato, D. R. (1971). Effects of constrained information on player decisions in experimental business simulation: Some empirical evidence. Journal of the ACM (JACM), 18(1), 94-104.

Prakash, G. V. (2013). Fundamental concepts of semiconductors. Retrieved from

Rahman, M. Z. (2014). Teaching electrical circuits using a virtual lab. In Transit: The LaGuardia Journal on Teaching and Learning, 6, 85–92.

Saleh, K. F., Mohamed, A. M., & Madkour, H. (2009). Developing virtual laboratories environments for engineering education. International Journal of Arts and Sciences, 3(1), 9–17.

Shen, H., Xu, Z., Dalager, B., Kristiansen, V., Strom, O., Shur, M. S., ... & Ytterdal, T. (1999). Conducting laboratory experiments over the Internet. IEEE transactions on education, 42(3), 180-185.

Surjono, H. D. (2017). Multimedia Pembelajaran Interaktif Konsep dan Pengembangan (Edisi Pertama). Yogyakarta: UNY Press.

Tobin, P. (2007). The role of PSPICE in the engineering teaching environment. In International Conference on Engineering Education – ICEE 2007. Coimbra: University of Coimbra.

Ubulom, W. J., & Ogwunte, C. P. (2017). Evaluation of teacher-centered and learner-centered methods for instructional delivery of senior secondary schools financial accounting in Rivers State. International Journal of Innovative Finance and Economics Research, 5(3), 81-88.

UNESCO, (2010). EFA Global Monitoring Report 2010: Reaching the Marginalized. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Watt, S., Simpson, C., McKillop, C., & Nunn, V. (2002). Electronic course surveys: does automating feedback and reporting give better results?. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 27(4), 325-337.

Wondaferew, A. (2012). Factors influencing the quality of training: Technical and vocational education in Addis Ababa. Korea Review of International Studies, 15(1), 49-63.

Yara, P. O., & Otieno, K. O. (2010). Teaching/learning resources and academic performance in mathematics in secondary schools. Bondo County, Kenya. Asian Social Science (ASS), 6(12).



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View JOVES Stats

p-ISSN 2614-7483

e-ISSN 2614-7475

Organized by 

Master of Vocational Education, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

Vocational Program (D-IV) of Food Service Industry, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

Published by 

Universitas Ahmad Dahlan


Lisensi Creative Commons

Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-BerbagiSerupa 4.0 Internasional