Determination of Fill Factor and Efficiency in Solar Cell Type (99 × 69) mm2 with Arduino Uno R3 Based Drive assisted by Logger Pro 3.14.1

Hamzah Hamzah, Moh. Toifur, Ishafit Ishafit



The study about fill factor and efficiency solar cell have been done with an automatic drive machine that rotates the surface of the solar cell following the movement of the light source from 0° up to 90° compared without automatic drive.  The test results are then implemented to determine the fill factor and efficiency in variations in light intensity. In this study, polycrystalline solar cell type (99 × 69) mm2, the Philips 100W/220V light bulb at a distance of 18 cm and the driving machine is controlled through an Arduino Uno R3 microcontroller. Data acquisition of current and voltage is carried out with the help of DCP-BTA current and VP-BTA voltage probes that are connected to the mini labquest transducer and displayed to a computer through loggerpro software.


The result show that it has been successfully designed an automatic driver of a solar panel (99 × 69) mm2  with an Arduino Uno R3 microcontroller and a logger pro software as data acquisition software. The using solar cell automatically driven can improve the accuracy and precision of current and voltage readings so the fill factor might be increased up to 10% while the efficiency of solar cells does not change. Variations in light intensity can increase the fill factor and efficiency of solar cells. Fill factor and efficiency have an exponentially relationship to light intensity.


fill factor, efficiency, Arduino Uno R3 microcontroller, loggerpro software.

Full Text:



R. Guliani, A. Jain and A. Kapoor, Exact analytical analysis of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell: Improved Method and Comparative Study, The renewble energy Journal, vol. 5, 2012, pp. 49-60

M. Chegaar, Z. Ouennoughi, F. Guechi and Langueur, Determination of Solar Cells Parameters under Illuminated Conditions, Journal of Electron Devices, Vol. 2, 2003, pp. 17-21.

M. Hamdya, A. Adel, New Model For The Current-Voltage Output Characteristics Of Photovoltaic Modules, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 50, Issues 1-2, 1994, pp. 11-20.

A. Yulinar, S. Khairul and Assaidah, Measurement of Solar Panel Output Involving Controller and Reflector, Internasional Journal Energy and Clean Environment. Universitas Ahmad Dahlan. All Rights Reserved. vol. 15, no. 1, 2017, pp. 138-142.

V. C. Bhalchandra and Y.A Sadawarte, The Factors Affecting The Performance Of Solar Cell, International Journal of Computer Applications, vol. 0975,8887, 2015, pp. 1-5.

S. Rashmi, Solar Cell, Internasional Journal Of Scientificand Research Publicasions, Vol. 2, 2012, pp. 2250-3153

Sukandarrumidi, H. Z. Katta and D. Wintolo, Renewable energy, Universitas Gajah Mada, Press, 2015.

B. Koteswararao, K. Radha, P. Vijay, R.S. Raja, Experimental Analysis of Solar Panel Efficiency With Different Modes Of Cooling, International Journal of Engineering and Technology (IJET), vol 8 no 3, 2016, pp. 1451-1456.

R. Aliev, M.A. Alinazarova, R.G. Ikranov and O.T Ismanova, The Fill Factor Of Loaded Current-Voltage Performance Of Solar Cells And Its Role For Determining Their Temperature Properties, Applied Solar Energy, vol. 7, no. 2, 2011, pp. 118-120.

A.K. Das, An Explicit J-V Model Of Solar Cell For Simple Fill Factor Calculation, Solar Cell Energy, Vol. 85, 2011, pp. 1906-1909.

H. Maammeur, A. Hamidat and L. Loukarfi, Numerical Resolution Of The Current-Voltage equation for a real Photovoltaic Call, Energi Procedia, vol. 36, 2013, pp.1212-1221.

A. Pradhan, S.M. Ali, C. Jena, Analysis of Solar PV cell Performance With Changing Irradiance and Temperature”, International Journal Of Engineering And Computer Science, vol. 2, 2013, pp. 214-220.

M. Toifur, Improvement of Solar Cell Fill Factor Assisted with Data Fitting and Modified Regulafalse Technique, Proceedings of the National Seminar on Research, Education and Application of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, 2013, pp. 1-6.

S. A. Jumaat, A. A. Azlan, M. N. Abdullah, N. H. Radzi, R. Hamdan, S. Salimin, M. Nafis, Horizontal Single Axis Solar Tracker Using Arduino Approach, Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science, vol. 12, no. 2, 2018, pp. 489-496.

S. Suhaeb, Microcontroller and Interface, Universitas Negri Makasar Press, 2017.

S. Brigita, T. Hans, S.P. Lily, Arduino Uno Based Solar Panel Tracking Sun Direction Design, E-Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering, vol. 5, no. 3, 2015, pp. 230-241.

J. Gastineau, Logger proTM User’s manual, Tufts University and Vernier Software. Press, 1999.

M. Azzouzi, D. Popescu, and M. Bouchahdane, Modeling of Electrical Characteristics of Photovoltaic Cell Considering Single-Diode Model, Journal of Clean Energy Technologies, vol. 4, no. 6, 2016, pp. 414-418.

D. Bonkoungou, Z. Koalaga, and D. Njomo, Modelling and Simulation of photovoltaic module considering single-diode equivalent circuit model in MATLAB,” International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering, vol. 3, issue 3, 2013, pp. 493-502.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

License URL:

Lisensi Creative Commons
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indonesian Review of Physics
Kampus 2 Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
Jalan Pramuka No. 42, Pandeyan, Umbulharjo, Yogyakarta - 55161
Telp. (0274) 563515, ext. 4902; Fax. (0274) 564604

p-ISSN: 2621-3761 | e-ISSN: 2621-2889


View My Stats