MAGNETIZING THE INTEREST AND RETENTION OF LECTURER IN PRIVATE HIGHER EDUCATION

Nasir Nasir

Abstract


Education This study aimed to explore the strategy to maintain lecturers, particularly in private higher education. It is important because the growth of private universities makes qualified lecturers contested. Responding to that crisis, leaders imposed to construct a strategy to keep them. The required data were collected by interviewing selected respondents determined by the key informant. The instrument used in gathering data was a semi-structured interview. The data then analyzed with the inductive model by Miles, Huberman, & Saldana. The result of the study reveals that: higher education should respond to what is prompting lecturers to move. They must take responsibility for every lecturer resigning and to intervene immediately to find out the reasons that make the lecturer to resign. In terms of the strategy to counter the lecturer’s switch out, the researcher constructed a strategy to magnetize them to remain through concerning more seriously on some aspects, for instance: payment, leadership style, career development, conducive-work life, adequate well-resourced libraries, recognition, and workload. All these efforts addressed to motivate them in working then decide to remain in the institution. Lastly, the researcher also recommends to others to test the conclusion by applying a quantitative approach


Keywords


Human Resource Management; Retention; Private Higher Education

Full Text:

PDF

References


Barber, M., Donnelly, K., & Rizvi, S. (2013). An avalanche is coming: Higher education and the revolution ahead. Retrieved from: http://med.stanford.edu/smili/support/FINAL%20Avalanche%20Paper%20110313%20%282%29.pdf

Bersin, J. (2008). The Business Impact of Talent Management. Banking Strategies, 84(5), pp. 6.

Bratianu, Constantine. 2005. The Intellectual Capital of Universities. Bucharest: Academy of Economic Studies. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/41163644

Busck, O., Knudsen, H., and Lind, J. (2011). "The transformation of employee participation: Consequences for the work environment." Economic and Industrial Democracy, 31, 285-305. Doi.org/10.1177/0143831X09351212.

Boxall, P., Macky, K., and Rasmussen, E. (2003). ‘Labour turnover and retention in New Zealand: The causes and consequences of leaving and staying with employers. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, 41, 195-214. doi.org/10.1177/10384111030412006.

Calhoun, T. (2009). Lecturers' Job Satisfaction and Employees Turnover. MichiganStates: USA.

Cassidy, D.J. (2011). The day to day reality of teacher turnover in preschool classrooms: An analysis of classroom context and teacher, director, and parent perspectives. Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 25(1), 1–21. DOI: 10.1080/02568543.2011.533118.

Chaminade, B. (2007). A Retention Checklist: How Do You Rate? Retrieved on 11th March 2019, from www.humanresourcesmagazine.co.au.

Cohen, B. J., Kinnevya, S. C., and Dichtera, M. E. (2007). The quality of work-life of child protective investigators: A comparison of two work environments. Children and Youth Services Review, vol 29 (4). doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2006.09.004.

Chipunza, C., Samuel, M.O. (2009). Employee retention and turnover: using motivational variables as a panacea. African Journal of Business Management, 3(8), 410-415. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/228654630.

Daymon, C., & Holloway, I. (2002). Qualitative research methods in public relations and marketing communications. New York, NY: Routledge. https://epdf.pub/qualitative-research-methods-in-public-relations-and-marketing-communications-2n.html.

Edy S. (2017). Dampak Kinerja Dosen dengan Adanya Program Peningkatan Mutu Serta Motivasi Kerja di STIE Amkop Makassar. Jurnal Ilmiah Aksi STIE Amkop Makassar, 4(1): 384-389. https://docplayer.info/30527995.

Gardner DG, Van Dyne L, & Pierce JL. (2004). The effects of pay level on organization-based self-esteem and performance: a field study. Journal of Occup. Organ. Psychology, 77(3): 307-322. https://doi.org/10.1348/0963179041752646

Glass, J. L., & Finley, A. (2002). Coverage and effectiveness of family-responsive workplace policies. Human Resource Management Review, 12, 313–337. doi.org/10.1016/S1053-4822(02)00063-3.

Irshad, M. (2011). Factors affecting employee retention: evidence from the literature review. Abasyn Journal of Social Sciences. 2011;4(1).

Halkier, B. (2011). Methodological practicalities in analytical generalization. Qualitative Inquiry, 17(9), 787-797. DOI: 10.1177/1077800411423194.

Harvey, D. (2009). Talent Strategy is Vital—Personnel Today, June 23, 13.

Heinen, J. S., and O’Neill, C. (2004). Managing talent to maximize performance. Employment Relations Today, 31(2), pp. 67-82. https://doi.org/10.1002/ert.20018.

Holbeche, L. (2009). Aligning Human Resources and Business Strategy. (2nd ed.) Oxford: Elsevier. https://www.amazon.com/Aligning-Resources-Business-Strategy-Second/dp/0750680172.

Hyman, J. & Summers, J. (2004). Lacking balance? Work-life employment practices in the modern economy. Personnel Review, Vol. 33, pp. 418-29. https://doi.org/10.1108/00483480410539498

Jain, Ruchi & Kaur, S. (2014). Impact of Work Environment on Job Satisfaction. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publication, 4(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/ISSN 2250-3153.

Kemenristek DIKTI. (2017). Statistik Pendidikan Tinggi: Higher Education Statistical Year Book 2017. Jakarta Pusat: Pusat Data dan Informasi Iptek Dikti.

Kemenristek DIKTI. (2018). Persyaratan dan Prosedur Penggabungan dan Penyatuan Perguruan Tinggi Swasta. Jakarta Pusat: RISTEKDIKTI.

Kevin, MM, Joan LC, & Adrian JW. (2004). Organizational change and employee turnover. Personnel Review. 33 (2):161-166. https://doi.org/10.1108/00483480410518022

Khalid, S., Irshad, M. Z., and Mahmood, B. (2012). Job Satisfaction among Academic Staff: A Comparative Analysis between Public and Private Sector Universities of Punjab, Pakistan. International Journal of Business and Management, 7(1), pp. 126-136. Doi: 10.5539/ijbm.v7n1p126

Khan, Z., Ahmed, J. U., & Sarker, S. (2010). Faculty Mobility in the Private Universities: In Developing Country Context. KASBIT Business Journal, 3(1), 7–24. https://kasbit.edu.pk/KBJVol3/7-24-3(1)%202010-Jashim%20uddin-.pdf

Langdon, Davis & Consultancy, Seah (2003). Construction payment blues. Why that domino effect? Executive Summary for the Practitioner, 3 (3).

Lawler, E., & Fuchs, K. (2010). Cornell University, at its Sesquicentennial Strategic Plan for lecturers' retention. Washington: Washington University.

Lawler, E. (1982). Strategies for improving the quality of work life. American Psychologist, 37, pp. 66–73. Doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.37.5.486.

Lippe, Van der, T. (2007). Dutch workers and time pressure: Household and workplace characteristics. Work, Employment and Society, 21(4), 693–711. DOI: 10.1177/0950017007082877.

Long, C.S., Thean, L.Y., Ismail, W.K., & Jusoh, A. (2012). Leadership Styles and Employees’ Turnover Intention: Exploratory Study of Academic Staff in a Malaysian College. World Applied Sciences Journal, 19(4),575-581. DOI: 10.5829/idosi.wasj.2012.19.04.155.

Mat, Jan. (2008). The Influence of Leadership Style on Internal Marketing in Retailing (Ph.D. Thesis). The University of Stirling. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/de43/1179860d78f831a6bb1777380890e5011f1b.pdf.

Mathimaran. B., K.& Kumar, A., A. (2017). Employee Retention Strategies – Empirical Research. Global Journal of Management and Business Research: E-Marketing, Volume 17, Issue 1, Version 1.0. https://globaljournals.org/GJMBR_Volume17/3-Employee-Retention-Strategies.pdf

Maqsood, H., Amran, R., Chaudhry, S., A., Rosman, B., M., Y., Omair, M., A., A., Ahmed, ., & Shaheryar, N.,F.,T, (2015). The Impact of Human Resource Practices on Employee Retention in the Telecom Sector. International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, 2015, 5 (Special Issue) 63-69. https://www.econjournals.com/index.php/ijefi/article/view/1344.

Messmer, M. (2000). Orientations programs can be key to employee retention. In Strategic Finance. 81 (8):12-15. http://www.scirp.org/(S(i43dyn45teexjx455qlt3d2q))/reference/ReferencesPapers.aspx?ReferenceID=1768991.

Meyer, John, Laryssa Topolnytsky, Henryk Krajewski & Ian Gellatly. (2003). Best Practices: Employee Retention. Toronto: Tomson-Carswell.

Michael, S., O. (2008). Using Motivational Strategy as Panacea for Employee Retention and Turnover in Selected Public and Private Sector Organisations. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), Volume 5, Issue 1. Paper ID: NOV152642 415

Miles, Matthew B., A. Michael Huberman, and Johnny Saldana. (2014). Qualitative Data Analysis: A Methods Sourcebook. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. https://www.amazon.com/Qualitative-Data-Analysis-Methods-Sourcebook/dp/1452257876

Miller, N., Erickson, A., & Yust, B. (2001). Sense of place in the workplace: The relationship between personal objects and job satisfaction and motivation. Journal of Interior Design, 27(1), 35-44.

Milkovich, GM, & Newman, JM. (2004). Compensation (8th ed.). Burr Ridge, IL: Irwin McGraw-Hill.

Mkulu, G., Demetria. (2018). Academic staff retention in Private Universities in Southern Highland Zone Tanzania as a Strategy of Attaining Sustainable Development. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science. Vol. 8, No. 5. Doi:10.30845/ijhss.v8n5p17.

Mok, Ka-Ho. (2005). Globalization and educational restructuring: University merging and changing governance in China. Higher Education, 50: 57–88. DOI: 10.1007/s10734-004-6347-z.

Mwita, M., K., Mwakasangula, E., & Tefurukwa, Oscar. (2018). The Influence of Leadership on Employee Retention in Tanzania Commercial Banks. International Journal of Human Resource Studies, ISSN 2162-3058 2018, Vol. 8, No. 2. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/324985158.

Nacif, A.P. (2006). The fast buck is still king: How to engage temporary staff with the brand and get the best out of them is a major HR challenge. Human Resource, 38(1), 263–290. DOI: 10.1177/0972150916666879

Naseem, N.A. (2005). Construction Industry Payment and Adjudication Act: International Forum on Construction Industry Payment Acts and Adjudication. Kuala Lumpur: CIDB and ISM. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/228461379.

Ng’ethe, J., Muceke, J., & Iravo, M. A. (2012). Influence of Leadership Style on Academic Staff Retention in Public Universities in Kenya. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 3(21), 297–302. Retrieved from ijbssnet.com/journals/Vol_3_No_21_ November_2018/31.pdf

Nwokocha, I., and Iherirohanma, B. J. E. (2012). Emerging Trends in Employee Retention Strategies in a Globalizing Economy: Nigeria in Focus. Asian Social Science, 8(10), pp. 198-207. DOI: 10.5539/ass.v8n10p198

Olowu, D.,& Adamolekun, L. (2005). Human Resource Management. In L.Adamolekun (ed) Public Administration in Africa: Main Issues and Selected Country Studies. Ibadan: Spectrum Books.

Owuor, B.(2010). Academic mobility and brain drain: East African Perspective (paper presented at the director of international relations and partners). Nairobi: Maseno University.

Pinheiro, R., Geschwind, L., & Aarrevaara, T. (2015). Mergers in higher education: The experience from Northern Europe. Dordrecht: Springer. https://www.springer.com/gp/book/9783319219172.

Qureshi, T. M., Marwat, Z. A., & Ramay, M. I. (2010). Impact of Human Resource Management (HRM) Practices on Employees Performance A Case of Pakistan Telecom Sector. MA Jinnah University, Department of Business Administration and Social Sciences, Islamabad.

Rahayuningtyas, A., D., Prihatni & Triana, Eka. (2017). Modal Intelektual dan Daya Saing Perguruan Tinggidi Indonesia. Jurnal Akuntansi dan Investasi, Vol. 18 No. 2. DOI: 10.18196/jai.180279.

Rahman, M., & Chowdhury, S. (2012). Job Satisfaction and Teachers’ Turnover: A Study on Private Universities in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Research Publications Journal, 7(2), 142–152. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/262011439.

Rahman, H., Rahman & Berawi, M.A. (2006). Delay mitigation in the Malaysian construction industry. Journal of Construction, Engineering, and Management, ACSE, 132 (2): 125-133. Doi/abs/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9364(2006)132%3A2(125).

Samuel, J .Chipunza. (2010). An Examination of Employee Retention Strategy in a private Organisation in Zimbabwe. African Journal of Business Management, 4 (10), 2103- 2109, 2010. http://www.academicjournals.org/AJBM

Rasli, A.M., Norhalim, N., Kowang, T.O., Qureshi, M.I. (2014). Applying managerial competencies to overcome business constraints and create value evidence from small technology-based firms in Malaysia. Journal of Management Info, 3(1), 99-121. http://readersinsight.net/jmi/article/view/15.

Rathakrishnan, T., Imm, Ng., S., & Kok, K., Tee. (2016). Turnover Intentions of Lecturers in Private Universities in Malaysia. Social Sciences & Humanities. Pertanika J. Soc. Sci. & Hum. 24 (S): 129 - 146 (2016). https://www.researchgate.net/publication/317212947.

Reiche, S. (2007). The effect of International Staffing Practices on Subsidiary Staff Retention in Multinational Corporations. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 18(4), pp. 523-536. https://doi.org/10.1080/09585190601178711.

Sell, L., and Cleal, B. (2011). 'Job satisfaction, work environment, and rewards: Motivational theory revisited.' Labour, 52, 1-23. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9914.2010.00496.x

Sinha, Chandranshu. (2012). Factors Affecting Quality of Work Life: Empirical Evidence From Indian Organizations. Australian Journal of Business and Management Research, Vol.1 No.11 [31-40]. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259761949.

Sirgy, M.J., Efraty, D., Siegel, P., and Lee, D. J. (2001). A New Measure of Quality of Work Life (QWL) Based on Need Satisfaction and Spillover Theories. Social Indicators Research, Vol. 55, No. 3, pp 241-302. DOI: 10.1023/A:1010986923468.

Stauss, B., Chojnacki, K., Decker, A., Hoffman, F. (2001). Retention effects of a customer club. International Journal of Service Industry Management, Vol. 12 No.1, pp.7-19. https://doi.org/10.1108/09564230110382745

Spector, P. E. (1997). Job satisfaction: Application, assessment, causes, and consequences. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc. http://sk.sagepub.com/books/job-satisfaction.

Thomas, Kenneth W. (2000). Intrinsic motivation at work building energy and commitment. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler.

Tim Pengkaji Kebijakan DIKTI. (2018). Kajian Pendidikan Tinggi IDRI untuk DPR RI dan Ristek Dikti 2018. Bandung: ITB Pres.

Undang-undang Dikti No. 12 tahun 2012 tentang Pendidikan Tinggi.

Prince, B.J. (2005). Career-focused employee transfer processes. Career Development International, 10(4), 293-309. DOI/abs/10.1108/13620430510609136.

Wells, M., & Thelen, L. (2002). What does your workspace say about you? The influence of personality, status, and workspace on personalization. Environment and Behavior, 3: 300-321. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013916502034003002

Werang, Redan Basilius. (2018). The Effect of Workload, Individual Characteristics, and School Climate on Teachers' Emotional Exhaustion in Elementary Schools of Papua. Cakrawala Pendidikan, Edisi Oktober 2018, the.xxxvii, no.3. https://journal.uny.ac.id/index.php/cp/article/view/20635.

Wisnefski, M. (2008). Employee retention in the new millennium. Business Services, 16(3), 465-507.

Wright, T.A. & Cropanzano, R. (2004). The Role of Psychological Well-Being in Job Performance: A Fresh Look at an Age-Old Quest. Organizational Dynamics, Vol. 33, No 4, pp 338-351. https://psycnet.apa.org/record/2005-00155-003.

Wright, T.A. & Bonett, D.G. (2007). Job Satisfaction and Psychological Well-Being as Non-additive Predictors of Workplace Turnover. Journal of Management, Vol. 33, No. 2, pp 141-160. DOI: 10.1177/0149206306297582.

Zeeman, N., & Benneworth, Paul. (2017). Globalization, mergers, and 'inadvertent multi-campus universities': reflections from Wales. Tertiary Education and Management, 23:1, 41-52. DOI: 10.1080/13583883.2016.1243256.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.12928/ijemi.v1i2.1632

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

====================================================================================================

IJEMI (International Journal of Educational Management and Innovation)

====================================================================================================

ISSN 2721-933X (print) | 2716-2338 (online)
Organized by Educational Management
Published by Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
Website : http://journal2.uad.ac.id/index.php/ijemi
Email : ijemi@mp.uad.ac.id

====================================================================================================
 

View IJEMI Stats
====================================================================================================