Analysis of Cheiloscopy as a Means of Identification of ABO Blood Groups Among Mongoloid and Australomelanesoid Populations in Indonesia

Analisis Cheiloscopy sebagai Alat Identifikasi Golongan Darah ABO pada Populasi Mongoloid dan Australomelanesoid di Indonesia

Authors

  • Muhammad Yusuf Arrozhi Arrozhi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Departemen Kedokteran Forensik dan Medikolegal
  • IBGd Surya Putra Pidada Forensic Medicine and Medicolegal Department, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta / Dr. RSUP. Sardjito Yogyakarta
  • Hendro WIdagdo Forensic Medicine and Medicolegal Department, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta / Dr. RSUP. Sardjito Yogyakarta
  • Rusyad Adi Suriyanto Forensic Medicine and Medicolegal Department, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta / Dr. RSUP. Sardjito Yogyakarta

Abstract

Natural disasters and forensic cases are increasing, requiring methods to identify victims and criminal cases that are easier, more efficient, and accurate. Lip print pattern is one way to help the process of individual identification. Lip print analysis using facial photo analysis method helps identify a person's characteristics. To determine the differences in proportion and the uniqueness of the lip print patterns in relation to ABO blood group between the Mongoloid dan Australomelanesoid populations of Indonesia. A total of 124 Mongoloid and Australomelanesoid population respondents who met the inclusion criteria were included in the study consisting of 31 males and females from each population. After the respondents signed the informed consent, they were interviewed and photos of their faces and lips were taken, then lip print pattern analysis was performed. Statistical analysis using Chi Square and Cohen's Kappa test.  From 124 research respondents, the Cohen's Kappa consistency test obtained p> ​​0.8 which means it has a very good match.  The research shows that the majority of the Mongoloid population has a type I' pattern while the Australomelanesoid has a type IV pattern. The majority of the Mongoloid population has AB blood, while the majority of Australomelanesoid has O blood. There is a non-significant difference in the proportion of lip print patterns in distinguishing between ABO blood groups and the Mongoloid and Australomelanesoid populations in Indonesia.

 

Abstrak

Bencana alam dan kasus forensik yang semakin meningkat, membutuhkan metode untuk mengidentifikasi korban dan kasus kriminal yang lebih mudah, efisien, dan akurat. Pola sidik bibir merupakan salah satu cara untuk membantu proses identifikasi individu. Analisis sidik bibir dengan metode analisis foto wajah membantu mengidentifikasi karakteristik seseorang. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui perbedaan proporsi dan keunikan pola sidik bibir dalam kaitannya dengan golongan darah ABO antara populasi Mongoloid dan Australomelanesoid di Indonesia. Sebanyak 124 responden populasi Mongoloid dan Australomelanesoid yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi diikutsertakan dalam penelitian, terdiri dari 31 laki-laki dan perempuan dari masing-masing populasi. Setelah responden menandatangani formulir informed consent, mereka diwawancarai, foto wajah dan bibir mereka diambil, kemudian dilakukan analisis pola sidik bibir. Untuk signifikansi statistik, data dianalisis dan dinyatakan dalam proporsi menggunakan uji konsistensi Cohen's Kappa dan uji chi-square. Dari 124 responden penelitian, uji konsistensi Cohen's Kappa diperoleh p > 0,8 yang berarti memiliki konsistensi sangat baik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa mayoritas populasi Mongoloid memiliki pola tipe I', sedangkan Australomelanesoid memiliki pola tipe IV. Mayoritas populasi Mongoloid memiliki darah AB, sedangkan mayoritas populasi Australomelanesoid memiliki darah O. Terdapat perbedaan proporsi pola sidik bibir yang tidak bermakna dalam membedakan golongan darah ABO dengan populasi Mongoloid dan Australomelanesoid di Indonesia.

References

Telagi N, Mujib A, Spoorthi B, and Naik R. Cheiloscopy and its patterns in comparison with ABO blood groups. J Forensic Dent Sci. 2011;3(2):77. doi:10.4103/0975-1475.92150

Sergius SS, Yeo J, Hui S, et al. The association between lip print, gender, ethnicity and personality among young adults in university setting: A cross-sectional study. Public Health and Preventive Medicine. 2018;4(4):111-119. http://www.aiscience.org/journal/phpmhttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Suzuki K. and Tsuchihashi Y. New attempt of personal identification by means of lip print. J Indian Dent Assoc. 1970;42(1).

Ajit D. D, Prabhu R, and Prabhu V. A study of lip print pattern in Goan dental students - A digital approach. J Forensic Leg Med. 2012;19:390-395. doi:10.1016/j.jflm.2012.04.012

Bernardi S, Bianchi S, Continenza MA, Pinchi V, and Macchiarelli G. Morphological study of the labial grooves’ pattern in an Italian population. Australian Journal of Forensic Sciences. 2020;52(5). doi:10.1080/00450618.2018.1541192

Sakamoto Y, Nakanishi Y, Chen M, Kiuchi T, and Kishi K. Self-portrait distortion by selfies: Increased desire for aesthetic surgery among millennials? Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery. 2021;74(6). doi:10.1016/j.bjps.2020.11.009

Ward B, Ward M, Fried O, and Paskhover B. Nasal distortion in short-Distance photographs: The selfie effect. JAMA Facial Plast Surg. 2018;20(4). doi:10.1001/jamafacial.2018.0009

Sharma P, Saxena S, and Rathod V. Cheiloscopy: The study of lip prints in sex identification. J Forensic Dent Sci. 2009;1(1):24. doi:10.4103/0974-2948.50884

Hosoi S, Takikawa E, and Kawade M. Ethnicity estimation with facial images. In: Proceedings - Sixth IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition; 2004. doi:10.1109/AFGR.2004.1301530

Koesbardiati T. Profil prognasi wajah beberapa populasi dunia (Prognation Profile of World Population Faces) INFO ARTIKEL.; 2017. doi:https://doi.org/10.24832/papua.v9i2.210

Koesbardiati T. and Suriyanto RA. Australomelanesoid in Indonesia: A swinging-like movement. Jurnal Anatomi Indonesia. 2012;1(2).

Kasprzak J. Possibilities of cheiloscopy. Forensic Sci Int. 1990;46(1-2):145-151. doi:10.1016/0379-0738(90)90154-Q

Prabhu R, Dinkar A, Prabhu V, and Rao P. Cheiloscopy: Revisited. J Forensic Dent Sci. 2012;4(1):47. doi:10.4103/0975-1475.99167

Karim B. and Gupta D. Cheiloscopy and blood groups: Aid in forensic identification. Saudi Dental Journal. 2014;26(4):176-180. doi:10.1016/j.sdentj.2014.05.005

Fleiss JL. Statistical methods for rates and proportions. Biometrics. 1981;37(4). doi:10.2307/2530193

Kumar L, Jayaraman V, Mathew P, Ramasamy S, and Austin R. Reliability of lip prints in personal identification: An inter-racial pilot study. J Forensic Dent Sci. 2016;8(3):178. doi:10.4103/0975-1475.195115

Cohen J. A coefficient of agreement for nominal scales. Educ Psychol Meas. 1960;20(1).

Utsuno H, Kanoh T, Tadokoro O, and Inoue K. Preliminary study of post mortem identification using lip prints. Forensic Sci Int. 2005;149(2-3):129-132. doi:10.1016/J.FORSCIINT.2004.05.013

George R and Kavya Shree. Lip prints and blood groups, among two south indian population-an in-vivo study.; 2017. www.tjprc.org

Verma P, Sachdeva SK, Verma KG, Saharan S, and Sachdeva K. Correlation of lip prints with gender, ABO blood groups and intercommissural distance. N Am J Med Sci. 2013;5(7):427-431. doi:10.4103/1947-2714.115777

Khanapure S, Suhas HG, Potdar S, Sam G, Sudeep CB, and Arjun MR. Association between cheiloscopic patterns and ABO blood groups among South Indian population. Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice. 2017;18(7):596-600. doi:10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2091

Downloads

Published

2022-12-03