SPEKTA (Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat : Teknologi dan Aplikasi) http://journal2.uad.ac.id/index.php/spekta <table cellpadding="2"> <tbody align="top"> <tr> <td width="135px">Journal Title</td> <td><strong>SPEKTA (Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat : Teknologi dan Aplikasi)</strong></td> </tr> <tr> <td>ISSN</td> <td><strong><a href="http://issn.pdii.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1597577658&amp;1&amp;&amp;2020">2723-8008</a> (printed)<a href="http://issn.pdii.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1597577463&amp;1&amp;&amp;2020">2723-8016</a> (online)</strong></td> </tr> <tr> <td>DOI Prefix</td> <td><strong>Prefix 10.12928 </strong></td> </tr> <tr> <td>Editor in Chief</td> <td><a href="https://www.scopus.com/authid/detail.uri?authorId=55489479200" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Hayati Mukti Asih</strong></a></td> </tr> <tr> <td>Publisher</td> <td><strong>Universitas Ahmad Dahlan In collaboration with <a href="https://app.powerbi.com/view?r=eyJrIjoiYzhlYjMyZTMtMzVmMS00YzNmLTkyY2YtZWMyNzBmZjY5YjUyIiwidCI6IjM0NjI3ODc0LWVkM2EtNDk3Yy04ZmI5LTE2Y2U3ZTk3NjRmMSIsImMiOjEwfQ%3D%3D&amp;pageName=ReportSection">BKSTI (Badan Kerjasama Penyelenggara Pendidikan Tinggi Teknik Industri)</a></strong></td> </tr> <tr> <td>Frequency</td> <td><strong>2 issues per year</strong></td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top">Citation Analysis</td> <td><strong><a href="https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=Ru09yVIAAAAJ&amp;hl=en" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Google Scholar</a> |<a href="https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?search_mode=content&amp;search_text=10.12928%2Fspekta&amp;search_type=kws&amp;search_field=full_search" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Dimensions</a> | <a href="https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/details?id=67066" target="_blank" rel="noopener">ICI Copernicus</a> | <a href="https://sinta.kemdikbud.go.id/journals/profile/10609" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SINTA 3</a> | <a href="http://journal2.uad.ac.id/index.php/spekta/citedness">Scopus</a></strong></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>SPEKTA (Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat: Teknologi dan Aplikasi) </strong> translated <strong>SPEKTA (Journal of Community Service: Technology and Applications) </strong> with registration number ISSN 2723-8008 (print) and ISSN 2723-8016 (online) is a scientific multidisciplinary journal published by Ahmad Dahlan University. This journal is a journal that covers issues regarding the application of technology applications in society. The purpose of this journal publication is to disseminate conceptual thoughts or ideas and research results that have been achieved in the field of service to the community.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong> SPEKTA (Journal of Community Service: Technology and Applications)</strong> has been published since June 2020, to be precise since the release of Volume 1, Number 1, 2020. <strong> SPEKTA (Journal of Community Service: Technology and Applications) </strong> as a main focus on developing the sciences in dedication to Public. Detailed scopes of articles accepted for submission to SPEKTA are <strong>Applied Technology, Product Design and Development, Technopreneur, Technology Applications, and Educational Technology, Information Technology and Information Systems.</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Every submitted manuscript will be read by the editorial team. Manuscripts that are evaluated by the editor and if deemed not in accordance with the journal's criteria will be rejected without external review. Manuscripts that we consider potentially interesting to readers are sent to peer reviewers. After reviewing the manuscript by a reviewer, the manuscript will be returned to the author for revision. The editorial team makes decisions based on the reviewers recommendations. SPEKTA (Journal of Community Service: Technology and Applications) is published 2 times in 1 year, namely June and December. <strong> SPEKTA (Journal of Community Service: Technology and Applications)</strong> is published 2 times in 1 year, namely June and December.</p> en-US <p>Authors who publish with <strong>SPEKTA (Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat: Teknologi dan Aplikasi)</strong> agree to the following terms:</p> <ol> <li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-SA 4.0)</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. </li> <li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.</li> </ol> <p> <img src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by-sa/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Creative Commons License" /><br />This work is licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</a>.</p> spekta@ie.uad.ac.id (Hayati Mukti Asih, Ph.D) okka.adiyanto@ie.uad.ac.id (Okka Adiyanto) Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Empowering Ciung Wanara Tourism Site Food Stall Owners with Digital Marketing Expertise and Business Licencing http://journal2.uad.ac.id/index.php/spekta/article/view/8036 <p><strong>Background</strong>: In the neighborhood of Ciung Wanara tourist area in the Ciamis district, 25 food stall owners have been selling for more than 10 years. They trade manually without having good entrepreneurial skills, do not use digital technology in marketing products, and do not have a formal business license.</p> <p><strong>Contribution</strong>: This activity aims to provide understanding and knowledge of food stall owners about digital marketing and strengthen business legality permits.</p> <p><strong>Method:</strong> The method applied uses a pattern of observation, training, socialization, direct face-to-face discussion (offline), as well as the direct practice of creating social media accounts and making business legality permits.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The output of this service produces two aspects for shop owners. First, in the digital marketing aspect, business actors already have social media accounts including Google business, Facebook marketplace, Instagram, and WhatsApp business. In addition, they can understand and operate these social media tools for their business activities. Second, the formal legal aspects of the business. Business actors already have a business license in the form of a firm recognition Number (NIB).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> This activity is very beneficial directly for business actors. Having social media can increase sales turnover. And having NIB, they can develop their business, support the security and comfort of doing business and get legal certainty in enterprises.</p> Aep Saefullah , Fahri Fahri, Syarif Hidayatullah Copyright (c) 2023 Aep https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 http://journal2.uad.ac.id/index.php/spekta/article/view/8036 Tue, 19 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Empowerment of Village Owned Enterprises through E-Commerce Information Technology in Increasing the Economy of Sipodeceng Village Communities http://journal2.uad.ac.id/index.php/spekta/article/view/7129 <p><strong>Background:</strong> This activity aims to increase the role of Bumdes Padaidi Sipodeceng through e-commerce information technology based on the Bumdes Sipodeceng Store application in improving the economy of the people of Sipodeceng Village.</p> <p><strong>Contribution:</strong> This activity improves the welfare of the people of Sipodeceng Village through e-commerce information technology.</p> <p><strong>Method:</strong> The method of this activity includes Socialization of the implementation of activities, Counseling by explaining the e-commerce information technology marketing model (BUMDES Sipodeceng Store), training and mentoring the use of information technology for BUMDES partner groups, carrying out assistance, as well as monitoring and evaluation.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Training and mentoring activities based on pre-test and post-test data analysis have positive implications for 3 parameters: knowledge from 42.14 to 89.14%, skills from 35.9% to 90.12%, and motivation from 63.2% to 93 .2%. From these data, an analysis of the effectiveness of these 3 parameters is carried out, the values of which are knowledge at 81%, skills at 85%, and motivation at 79%. These three numbers indicate that community service activities are effective because the value is above 50%.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> From these activities, it can be concluded that e-commerce information technology at BUMDES Padaidi Sipodeceng is still very much needed to increase the role of BUMDES in community empowerment.</p> Muhammad Rais Rahmat Razak, Aksal Mursalat, Kamaruddin Sellang, Rifni Nikmat Syarifuddin, Muhammad Rohady Ramadhan, Muh. Irwan, Reza Asra, Muhammad Bibin, Sunandar Said, Andi Riska Andreani, Adam Latif, Sofyan B, Syaiful Bahri Syam, Muhammad Aksan Copyright (c) 2023 Aksal Mursalat, Muhammad Rais Rahmat Razak, Kamaruddin Sellang, Rifni Nikmat Syarifuddin, Muhammad Rohady Ramadhan, Muh. Irwan, Reza Asra, Muhammad Bibin, Sunandar Said, Andi Riska Andreani, Adam Latif, Sofyan B, Syaiful Bahri Syam, Muhammad Aksan https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 http://journal2.uad.ac.id/index.php/spekta/article/view/7129 Fri, 22 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Implementation of Metaverse-Based Virtual Reality Technology in Archieving Subjects in Vocational High Schools http://journal2.uad.ac.id/index.php/spekta/article/view/8380 <p><strong>Background</strong>: The problem that occurs to the participants is that the learning media used in the learning process is currently not up to date, so that technological updates are needed to improve the quality of learning. However, to facilitate learning through the integration of the latest technology requires various teacher competencies, namely knowledge, attitudes and skills.</p> <p><strong>Contribution: </strong>The contribution of this program is that the community service to conduct training and mentoring activities on how to develop metaversal-based virtual reality learning media to improve the quality of teachers at state vocational high school 1 Ngawi.</p> <p><strong>Method</strong>: This service is carried out through five stages of activity, including analysis of field needs, manufacture of virtual reality products, early socialization, provide assistance and evaluation of the results of using virtual reality.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The result of this service activity is that the trainees understand the steps for developing learning media with virtual reality technology. This is based on the results of evaluating the achievement of training and mentoring programs involving 27 participants showing that based on the aspects of convenience, usefulness, attractiveness, and satisfaction, an average score of 92% is obtained.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The conclusion of this program is that the metaverse-based virtual reality learning media that was introduced to the participants was very easy to apply, useful, interesting, and the participants were satisfied with the training provided</p> Andi Basuki, Madziatul Churiyah, Buyung Adi Dharma, Muhammad Arief, Dewi Ayu Sakdiyyah Copyright (c) 2023 Andi Basuki, Madziatul Churiyah, Buyung Adi Dharma, Muhammad Arief, Dewi Ayu Sakdiyyah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 http://journal2.uad.ac.id/index.php/spekta/article/view/8380 Wed, 22 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Training in Logistics Management and Social Media Marketing for Small, Micro and Medium Enterprises in Bekasi Regency http://journal2.uad.ac.id/index.php/spekta/article/view/7997 <p><strong>Background</strong>: The community service held in Cikarang district was to develop local small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Cikarang District and to develop ambidextrous skills in social media literacy and logistic management. The recent disruption called the COVID-19 pandemic swallowed all business in Indonesia. Many small businesses have to survive in the post-pandemic era. Conventional transactions are no longer viable in the new 4.0 industry. </p> <p><strong>Contribution</strong><strong>: </strong>Training is necessary to improve the small and medium enterprises adopting the new industry revolution. Social media and logistics are two types of skills that are crucial for all SMEs if they want to survive with the current system. We provide the integration in understanding the logistics and social media as both production and marketing tools.</p> <p><strong>Method</strong>: Based on the short survey, this workshop is very important to help local SMEs. We provide the participant with material, in-house training, and more in the workshop. We also provide a WhatsApp group for free consultation for further questions like permits, logistic analysis, and SME events. </p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Based on the feedback and the participant's responses in the workshop, They hope to have another training to develop their business into a more efficient and agile business for competition.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Logistics and social media prowess are the two most important skills SMEs need to improve their business locally before going into a bigger pond. </p> Jean Richard Jokhu, Filda Rahmiati, Hally Hanafiah, Lerissa Daniela, Jonathan Lampatar, Mohammed Hariri Bakri, Tasya Zahwa Prayoga Copyright (c) 2023 JEAN Jokhu https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 http://journal2.uad.ac.id/index.php/spekta/article/view/7997 Fri, 22 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Application of SEAMON as Edible Bird’s Nest cleanser in the Edible Bird’s Nest Industry http://journal2.uad.ac.id/index.php/spekta/article/view/8595 <p><strong>Background</strong>: In Surabaya, the edible bird's nest industry has witnessed significant growth in recent years, driven by increasing demand for this highly prized delicacy, known for its nutritional and medicinal benefits. As the industry expands, effective cleaning methods for edible bird's nests become paramount. Contaminants, impurities, and feathers can compromise the quality and purity of edible bird's nests, affecting their market value and consumer appeal.</p> <p><strong>Contribution: </strong>In response to this challenge, applying SEAMON as an edible bird's nest cleanser has emerged as a promising solution. SEAMON, a specific cleaning agent for edible birds' nests, offers the potential to revolutionize the cleaning process within the edible birds' nest industry. This innovative approach addresses the cleanliness and hygiene standards required for edible bird's nests, ensuring that consumers receive the highest quality product.</p> <p><strong>Method</strong>: The SEAMON application was carried out at the edible bird's nest industry in Surabaya, East Java, on July 2, 2023, with twelve samples of edible bird's nests with heavy feather characteristics. All samples were tested for nitrite analysis using a Genesys 30 visible spectrophotometer.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Based on the results of its application, this innovation has the potential as an edible bird’s nest cleaning agent to clean hydrogen peroxide residue and can reduce nitrite levels in the white edible bird’s nest.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> This washing liquid is the first cleanser specifically for white edible bird’s nests, and another advantage is that it is food grade, so edible bird’s nests cleaned with SEAMON is safe for human consumption. </p> Siti Gusti Ningrum, Andreas Berny Yulianto , Kartika Purnamasari Copyright (c) 2023 Siti Gusti Ningrum, Andreas Berny Yulianto , Kartika Purnamasari https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 http://journal2.uad.ac.id/index.php/spekta/article/view/8595 Tue, 19 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Adapting History Education for the 21st Century: Integrating Technology and Critical Thinking Skills http://journal2.uad.ac.id/index.php/spekta/article/view/8572 <p><strong>Background</strong>: In the 21st century, the field of education is undergoing significant transformations due to advancements in technology and the growing emphasis on critical thinking skills. Adapting history education to meet the needs of this digital era requires integrating technology into instructional practices while fostering critical thinking abilities.This approach allows students to engage with primary sources, explore diverse perspectives, and develop the analytical skills necessary for understanding and interpreting complex historical events.</p> <p><strong>Contribution: </strong>The integration of technology and critical thinking skills in history education contributes to a more dynamic and engaging learning experience for students in the 21st century. It empowers students to access primary sources, analyze multiple perspectives, and develop the essential skills needed for critical analysis and interpretation of historical events.</p> <p><strong>Method</strong>: The synthesis method is a comprehensive approach to analyzing and integrating research findings on adapting history education for the 21st century through the integration of technology and critical thinking skills. By systematically reviewing and synthesizing relevant studies, it allows for the identification of common themes, trends, and gaps in the literature, providing a cohesive and nuanced understanding of the topic and informing best practices for educators in this field..</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The results of integrating technology and critical thinking skills in history education show improved student engagement, motivation, and understanding of historical concepts. Students also develop enhanced critical thinking abilities, such as analyzing evidence, evaluating sources, and constructing well-reasoned arguments, which prepare them for active participation in the complexities of the 21st century</p> Bih Ni Lee Copyright (c) 2023 Bih Ni Lee https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 http://journal2.uad.ac.id/index.php/spekta/article/view/8572 Tue, 19 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Application of Drip Irrigation System on Vanilla Cultivation http://journal2.uad.ac.id/index.php/spekta/article/view/8407 <p><strong>Background:</strong> The research in Jogoyudan Village, Lumajang District, identifies a significant gap in community income, land utilization, and entrepreneurial skill development, which is addressed through a community empowerment program focusing on vanilla cultivation training. The primary research gap highlighted is the low community income, underutilized yard spaces, and inadequate training and workshops to improve entrepreneurship skills among residents. These challenges are critical in a community where agriculture is dominant but lacks diversification and modern cultivation techniques.</p> <p><strong>Contribution:</strong> This community service aims to improve knowledge of cultivating vanilla and making drip irrigation. Through this activity, it is hoped that the community will get additional income from the vanilla cultivation business.</p> <p><strong>Method:</strong> This study includes pre-training, training, and post-training. The training employs socialization regarding vanilla cultivation techniques and drip irrigation. The next step is the direct practice of planting and pollinating vanilla as well as the practice of assembling drip irrigation. In this activity, 25 people were selected as training participants.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> This service program shows increased knowledge of vanilla cultivation and drip irrigation by 38%.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The training participants can independently cultivate vanilla and create drip irrigation in the yard. This activity received an excellent response from the training participants regarding facilitators, facilities, presenters, and. Participants were very enthusiastic and enthusiastic about cultivating vanilla in their yards</p> Rufiani Nadzirah, Ach. Fauzan Mas'udi Mas'udi, Indarto Indarto, Heru Ernanda, Ivo Joan Pamungkas Copyright (c) 2023 Ach. Fauzan Mas'udi Mas'udi, Rufiani Nadzirah, Indarto Indarto, Heru Ernanda https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 http://journal2.uad.ac.id/index.php/spekta/article/view/8407 Fri, 22 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Improving Community Administration Service and Population Reporting through SINANAS Development Using Participatory Method http://journal2.uad.ac.id/index.php/spekta/article/view/8134 <p><strong>Background</strong>: Information technology in community administration service has been developed in helping to raise the efficiency and productivity of the leader of Banjar Dinas works, as well as organizing and utilizing information to support administration and management, policy development and decision-making.</p> <p><strong>Contribution: </strong>SINANAS (Administration Information System for Banjar Dinas) has proposed to support the works of “Kepala Lingkungan” in Sempidi for administration service and population reporting.</p> <p><strong>Method</strong>: Using interview and participatory approaches, the application was used by training and socialization. The application was developed using Visual Studio Code and Python language programming.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The results of this community service are SINANAS reporting page for population data of education and livelihood, religion, ethnicity, race, number of population, family card, Temporary Resident Identity Card (KIPS), Temporary Resident Registration Certificate (STPPTS), Reporting page for religion, ethnicity, race, and population, Reporting page for total population based on single age group and gender</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Based on the post-questionnaire, “Kepala Lingkungan found that using the SINANAS application, producing annual and monthly administrative reports is easier and quicker than manually creating them in Microsoft Word and Microsoft Excel.</p> Ni Made Ary Esta Dewi Wirastuti, I Gusti Agung Komang Dlafari Djuni Hartawan, I Made Arsa Suyadnya, Duman Care Khrisne, Is-haka Mkwawa, Putu Arya Mertasana Copyright (c) 2023 Ni Made Ary Esta Dewi Wirastuti, Igusti Agung Komang Dlafari Djuni Hartawan, I Made Arsa Suyadnya, Duman Care Khrisne, Is-haka Mkwawa https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 http://journal2.uad.ac.id/index.php/spekta/article/view/8134 Fri, 22 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Social Media Addiction in The Young Community: Elucidation of The Development of Behavioral Responses http://journal2.uad.ac.id/index.php/spekta/article/view/8588 <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p><strong>Background</strong>: University students have been using social media in an uncontrolled manner without knowledge of the negative impacts on their cognitive functionality. Therefore, an assessment of the alterations in the behavior pattern of the university students is required to associate the linkage between social media use and subsequent aggressiveness.</p> <p><strong>Contribution: </strong>Current work has for the first time conducted a socio-behavioral study on the younger university students for gaining an insight into their inclination towards using different social media platforms and changes in their behavioral patterns.</p> <p><strong>Method</strong>: University students (73 total; 35 males and 38 females) were chosen who had history of using social media for the last three to five years. These students were affiliated with higher education institutions in Pakistan and the time of analysis was September 2022 – January 2023. An open-ended questionnaire was filled and statistically analyzed for significance using Origin software and SPSS software</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> This work has identified significant relationship between the social media utilization and alterations in the behavior of university students. Different determinants worked upon in this research are the impacts of the social media on cognitive occupation, emotive functions, relapse, conflict, anger, and hostility.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The study has associated and evaluated such behavioral factors as determinants of aggression in the younger generation. Also, the study has compared and contrasted the appearance of aggression as a pattern taking in consideration different gender roles to comprehend the role of gender in perceiving and adopting social media trends.</p> Yasmeen Zainab, Noor Fatima Ajmal, Hina Iqbal Copyright (c) 2023 Yasmeen Zainab, Noor Fatima Ajmal, Hina Iqbal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 http://journal2.uad.ac.id/index.php/spekta/article/view/8588 Fri, 22 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Use of a Vision System for Monitoring Chick Embryos in Incubator http://journal2.uad.ac.id/index.php/spekta/article/view/8450 <p><strong>Background</strong>: Determine the quality of hatching eggs and control the process of their embryonic development, it is necessary to perform candling of eggs, which makes it possible to identify and eliminate the causes of low hatching of chicks.</p> <p><strong>Contribution: </strong>The proposed vision system for processing images of chicken eggs makes it possible to distinguish fertilized eggs from unfertilized ones, which makes it possible to change the parameters of the incubator in the event of a large number of dead embryos.</p> <p><strong>Method</strong>: With the help of the National Instruments Vision Assistant module, which simplifies the collection, reproduction and storage of images recorded using a video camera connected via a FireWire interface, an incubator vision system has been developed.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The yield of healthy chicks is increased due to the periodic automatic candling of eggs and the timely regulation of parameters during the incubation process.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Being able to monitor embryo development more closely allows you to determine the optimal time to change incubation parameters, such as humidity, to create the best conditions for egg hatching, leading to more efficient chick production. Similarly, the ability to use different light and temperature conditions to influence chick hatch time can allow for a faster incubation process and hatch healthy chicks in a shorter period of time.</p> Abdullah Al-Ansi, V Ryabtsev , T Utkina Copyright (c) 2023 Abdullah Al-Ansi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 http://journal2.uad.ac.id/index.php/spekta/article/view/8450 Wed, 22 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Research on teaching mode driven by smart education concept http://journal2.uad.ac.id/index.php/spekta/article/view/8071 <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p><strong>Background</strong>: The rapid development of science and technology, the Internet, big data, artificial intelligence and other technologies have had a huge impact on all walks of life in the society.With the continuous deepening of modern information technology such as artificial intelligence, big data, and the Internet of Things in education and teaching.</p> <p><strong>Contribution:</strong> Smart education can promote the transformation of education concepts, reshape the space and structure of education and learning, promote fundamental changes in the level and structure of the education system, and lead the education system to overall innovation.</p> <p><strong>Method</strong>: Propose a Smart education realizations teaching model that can bring prerequisites for the upgrading of digital education.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Smart education is a high level form of education modeling and an essential requirement for education information to enter a new stage.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The proposed model can effectively address the shortcomings of traditional teaching methods and has effectiveness.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Li Liu, Chonghao Xu Copyright (c) 2023 Li Liu, Chonghao Xu https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 http://journal2.uad.ac.id/index.php/spekta/article/view/8071 Sun, 22 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0000