Al-IjtihÄd Al-Istiá¹£lÄá¸¥Ä« and Its Impact in Contemporary Juristic Inference: Majelis Tarjihâ€™s Perspective of Muhammadiyah
Keywords:Majelis Tarjih, Maá¹£laá¸¥ah al-mursalah, Manhaj Tarjih, Muhammadiyah, Fatwa
AbstractAfter critically analyzing and comparing the thoughts of Islamic legal scholars on authority of unrestricted interest (maá¹£laá¸¥ah al-mursalah) and its competence in juristic inference, the author concludes that both can be evidence for reasoning. Moreover, in new problems in which religious texts have not dealt with. This paper concludes that Muhammadiyah as a renewal Islamic movement has a certain council for issuing fatwÄs, namely Mejelis Tarjih dan Tajdid (The Council of Tarjih and Tajdid). It considers unrestricted interest as one of the evidences in juristic inference and issuing fatwÄs. This appears from fatwÄs issued by the council which are based on al-IjtihÄd alistiá¹£lÄá¸¥Ä« or so called unrestricted interest, including fatwÄ on unregistered marriage, fatwa on divorce not through the court, rely on al-á¸¥isÄb al-falakÄ« for determining early hijri months, fatwÄ on smoking, and fatwÄ on charity of profession. This paper is using inductive approach and its primary sources are the principles Islamic jurisprudence books. In addition, its secondary sources are the compilation of Majelis Tarjihâ€™s fatwÄ, articles, journals, and all information on this topic. Furthermore, this article also considers the books on comparative school of Islamic jurisprudence.
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