Prophetic Sira and the Construction of Indonesian Islam

Muhammad Abdul Karim


Indonesian Islam has gone through a long journey in its history since the first advent up to the present day. In this course, one should note that the process of Islamization was formed under a set of historical and cultural complexity. Among those, the role of Islamic preaching is the most important. Under this canopy, the process of transmission and transformation took the first place as the main force. As the Qur’an and Sunna are the major sources for all Muslims around the world. Both had also become the main streams in Islamicization. Seerat-e-nabi, beside the Qur’an, in this case has a place of honor. It became one of the major sources of all Islamic heritages in Indonesia. The prophet Muhammad PBUH (peace be upon him) was immersed within the Indonesian Islamic traditions in various fields and spheres. It is fair to say that the story of the islamicization of the Indonesian archipelago and the face of Indonesian Islam today is culturally formed by the determination of seerat-e-nabi, besides the Qur’anic scripture. In the other words, the birth and the face of Islam really depend on how its adherents interpret and take a cultural reception on the seerat-e-nabi. This paper tries to capture the prophetic heritage in Indonesian Islam in twofold analysis; transmission and transformation. The former tries to explore how the heritage of seerat-e-nabi flowed into the scene of Indonesian moslem life through various modes of transmission up to the present day. The latter aims at how the seerat-e-nabi became the force and inspiration for the various receptions of institutional matters.    

Full Text:



Abdullah, R. (2015). Walisongo: Gelora Dakwah dan Jihad di Tanah Jawa. Surakarta: Penerbit Al-Wafi, available at: Google Scholar.

Aboebakar, H. (1970). Pengantar Sejarah Sufi dan Tasawuf. Jakarta: Ramadhani, available at: Google Scholar.

Abu Zayd, N. H. (1994). Mafhum al-Nass: Dirasah fi ‘Ulum al-Qur’an. Beirut: Al-Markaz Al-Tsaqafiy Al-‘Araby, available at: Google Scholar.

Ahmad, A. S. (1979). Sulalatus Salatin:(Sejarah Melayu)/diselenggarakan oleh A. Samad Ahmad. Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, available at: Google Scholar.

Al-Attas, S. M. N. (1966). The Mysticism of Hamzah Fansuri. SOAS University of London, available at: Google Scholar.

Al-Bukhari, M. (1989). Al-Adab al-Mufrad Beirut: Dar al-Bashair al-Islamiyyah, available at: Google Scholar.

Al-Haddad, S. (1967). Sejarah Perkembangan Islam di Timur Jauh. Jakarta: Almaktabah Addami, available at: Google Scholar.

Ali, K. (1973). History of India, Pakistan & Bangladesh. Ali Publications, available at: Google Scholar.

Arnold, S. T. W. (1986). Preaching of Islam, A History of the Propagation of the Muslim Faith. NY and London: Constable & Co.

Azizy, A. Q. A. (2002). Memberdayakan Pesantren dan Madrasah, pengantar dalam Ismail SM.,(dkk.). Dinamika Pesantren Dan Madrasah, available at: Google Scholar.

Azra, A. (2004). The Origins of Islamic Reformism in Southeast Asia: Networks of Malay-Indonesian and Middle Eastern’Ulam?’ in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. University of Hawaii Press, available at: Google Scholar.

Azra, A. (2006). Islam in the Indonesian World: an Account of Institutional Formation. Mizan Pustaka, available at: Google Scholar.

Azra, A. (2013). Jaringan Ulama Timur Tengah. Prenada Media, available at: Google Scholar.

Bruinessen, M. van. (1995). Kitab kuning, pesantren dan tarekat: Tradisi-tradisi Islam di Indonesia. Bandung: Mizan, 17, available at: Google Scholar.

Bukhori, & Sidi Ibrahim. (1971). Sejarah Masuknya Islam dan Proses Masuknya Islam di Indonesia. Jakarta: Publicita

Data Populasi Penduduk Muslim 2020: Indonesia Terbesar di Dunia. (n.d.). Retrieved February 5, 2021, from IBTimes.ID website:

Fathurahman, O. (2012). Ithaf al-Dhaki: Tafsir Wahdatul Wujud bagi Muslim Nusantara. Bandung: PT Mizan Publika, available at: Google Scholar .

Fatimi, S. Q. (1963). Islām comes to Malaysia. Malaysian Sociological Research Institute, available at: Google Scholar.

Hall, K. . (1985). Maritime Trade and State Development in Early Southeast Asia. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, available at: Google Scholar.

Hamka. (1975). Sejarah Umat Islam. In Bulan Bintang. Jakarta, available at: Google Scholar.

Hill, A. H. (1960). Hikayat Raja-Raja Pasai. Journal of the Malayan Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 33(2 (190), 1–215, available at: Google Scholar.

Karim, A. (2019). Sejarah Pemikiran dan Peradaban Islam (8th ed.). Yogyakarta: Bagaskara, available at: Google Scholar.

Karim, M Abdul. (2001). Kontribusi Muhammad bin Qasim dalam Penaklukan Sind. Jurnal: Thaqafiyat, 2(2), available at: Google Scholar.

Karim, M Abdul. (2007). Islam Nusantara. Yogyakarta: Gramasurya, available at: Google Scholar.

Karim, Muhammad Abdul. (2018). Islam in Indonesia: A Historical Perspective. Indonesian Journal of Interdisciplinary Islamic Studies, 1–17, available at: Google Scholar.

Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj al-Qushayri, & Siddiqi, ’Abdul Hamid. (1998). Sahih Muslim Vol. 1. New Delhi: Islamic Book Service, available: Google Scholar.

Nasution, S. (1983). Sejarah Pendidikan Indonesia. Jemmars, available at: Google Scholar.

Polo, M. (1918). The Travels of Marco Polo. JM Dent & Sons, available at: Google Scholar.

Ricci, R. (2011). Islam translated: Literature, Conversion, and the Arabic cosmopolis of South and Southeast Asia. University of Chicago Press, available at: Google Scholar.

Ricklefs, M. C. (2001). A History of Modern Indonesia since C. 1200 (3rd ed.). Hampshire: Palgrave, available at: Google Scholar.

Salam, S. (1964). Sedjarah Islam di Djawa. Djajamurni, available at: Google Scholar.

. Sayid, A. (1957). Sejarah Perkembangan Islam di Timur Jauh. Jakarta: Dzija Shahab Al-Maktab Addami, available at: Google Scholar.

Schrieke, B. J. O. (1916). Het boek van Bonang. P. den Boer, available at: Google Scholar.

Tarsitani, S. (2007). Mawlūd: Celebrating the birth of the Prophet in Islamic Religious Rituals and Wedding Ceremonies in Harar. Annales d’Éthiopie, 23(1), 153–176. Editions de la Table Ronde, available at: Google Scholar.

Toynbee, A. J. (1989). Study of History Vol. II, available at: Google Scholar.

Van Den Berg, H. D., & Simanjuntak, P. (1952). Dari Panggung Peristiwa Sedjarah Dunia. Groningen: JB Wolters, available at: Google Scholar.

van der Meij, T. C., & Lambooij, N. (2014). Hikayat Miʿrāj Nabi Muḥammad. In The Malay Hikayat Miʿrāj Nabi Muḥammad (pp. 23–109). Brill, available at: Google Scholar.

Wheeler, R. E. M. (1950). Five thousand years of Pakistan: an archaeological outline, available at: Google Scholar.

WM, A. H. (2010). Etika Islam Dalam Tajussalatin Karya Bukhari Al-Jauhari. Jurnal Filsafat, 20(2), 147–164, available at: Google Scholar.

Yusuf, M. (2006). Sejarah Peradaban Islam di Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Pustaka, available at: Google Scholar.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Muhammad Abdul Karim

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

IJISH (International Journal of Islamic Studies and Humanities)

ISSN 2614-3836 (print) | 2615-7403 (online)
Organized by Faculty of Islamic Studies
Published by Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
Website :
Email :
View IJISH Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.