Fazlur Rahman's Double Movement and It's Contribution to the Development of Religious Moderation

Authors

  • Muhammad Yusuf UIN Alauddin Makassar
  • Nahdhiyah Nahdhiyah UIN Alauddin Makassar
  • Anwar Sadat STAIN Majene Sulawesi Barat

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26555/ijish.v4i1.2667

Keywords:

hermeneutics, texts, double movement, religious moderation.

Abstract

The essential consideration is whether hermeneutics as an alternative approach can provide a dialogue between the texts and reality. This is library research, in which the data sources obtained through various written works, both in the form of books and journals. The study is descriptive qualitative that provides a clear picture and systematic about the methodology of Islamic legal thought Fazlur Rahman understandings.  To synchronize his background with interpretations, then used a normative theological approach, namely an approach that emphasizes form religious symbols originating from the Quran and sunnah text. The double movement hermeneutic theory is his effort in dialoguing between text and context. He appreciates history and adapts developments in every space and time. He tried to do a two-way movement. First, moving from the context of reality to the historical context of texts. Second, moving from the context of historical facts to the context of contemporary reality. Errors in interpreting text often occur due to the separation between the text from its context. In these circumstances, the double movement theory finds its relevance in making the Quran capable of dialogue with every dynamic that occurs. In this way, the text is always alive and as if it was revealed at this time. It contributes to the development of a paradigm of religious moderation. The double movement has strong historical roots in the science of the Quran, including asbab al-nuzul, makkiyah-madaniyah, and nasikh-mansukh.

References

A‘la, Abd. (2003). Dari Neomodernisme ke Islam Libera. Jakarta: Paramadina.
Abdullah, M. Amin. (1996). Hadis dalam Khazanah Intelektual Muslim: Al-Ghazali dan Ibnu Taimiyyah, in Pengembangan Pemikiran terhadap Hadis, ed. Yunahar Ilyas. Yogyakarta: LPPI Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta.
Ainurrofiq, Faiq. (2019). “The Use of Hermeneutics Double Movement Fazlur Rahman in Com-prehending Hadith of Unsuccessful Leadership of Women”. Jurnal Ushuluddin. Vol. 27 No. 2.
Akhmadi, Agus. (2019). “Modrasi Beragama dalam Keragaman Indeonsia (Religious Moderation in Indonesia Diversity)”. Jurnal Diklat Keagamaan. Vol. 13, No. 2.
Aldridge, David. (2018). Religious education’s double hermeneutic”, British Journal of Religious Education. Vol. 40, No. 3, 17.
Alhana, Rudy. (2014). Menimbang Paradigma Hermeneutika dalam Menafsirkan Al-Quran. Su-rabaya: PT Revka Petra Media.
Amal. Taufik Adnan. (1996). Islam dan Tantangan Modernitas: Studi Atas Pemikiran Hukum Fazlur Rahman. Bandung: Mizan.
Anshari, Anshari. (2016). “Hermeneutika Sebagai Teori dan Metode Interprestasi Makna Teks Sastra (Hermeneutics as Theory and Method of Interpretation of Literary Text Mean-ing)”. Sawerigading. Vol.15, No. 2.
Aziz, Ahmad Amir. (1999). Neo-Modernisme Islam Indonesia. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.
Azizi, Jamal Abdul. (2007). Teori Gerak Ganda: Metode Baru Istinbat Hukum Ala Fazlur Rah-man. Jamal Abdul Azizi, Hermeneia, Jurnal Kajian Islam Interdisipliner Jamal Abdul Az-iz, Vol. 6, No. 2.
Bleicher., J. (1980). Contemporary Hermeneutics. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Esposito, John L. (2005). “Moderate Muslims: A Mainstream of Modernists, Islamists, Conserva-tives, and Traditionalists”, in American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences. Vol. XXII, No. 3, Summer.
Fadhilah, Adi & Kusmana. (2017). Ziauddin Sardas’s Interprettation of the Quran”, Atlantis Press: Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research (ASSEHR), vol-ume 137.
Fadilah, Adi. (2019). “Ma’na-Cum-Maghza Sebagai Pendekatan Kontekstual dalam Perkem-bangan Wacana Hermeneutika Alquran di Indonesia”. Journal of Qur'ān and Hadīth Studies. Vol. 8, No. 1.
Gadamer, Hans. (2003). Truth and Method. Trans. Ahmad Sahidah, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.
Hanafi, H. (2003). Liberalisasi, Revolusi, Hermeneutik. Yogyakarta: Prisma.
Hauqola, N. Kholis. (2013). “Hermeneutika Hadis: Upaya Memecah Kebekuan Teks”, Teologia. Vol. 24, No. 1.
Hilmy, Masdar. (2012). “Quo-Vadis Islam Moderat Indonesia”, Jurnal Miqot. Vol. xxxvi, No. 2.
K. Bertens, K. (1981). Filsafat Barat Abad XX (Jakarta: Gramedia.
Koskinen, Camilla A-L. & Unni A. Lindstrom. (2013). “Hermeneutic reading of classic texts”. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 27.
Makkarateng, Ma’adul Yaqien. (2019). “Metodologi Pemikiran Hukum Islam Fazlur Rahman”, Al-BayyinaH: Jurnal Islamic Law. Vol. 3 No. 1.
Mansur, Ali. (2002). Ahli Kitab dalam al-Quran: Model Penafsiran Fazlur Rahman in Abdul Mustaqim, st. al. Studi Alquran Kontemporer; Wacana Baru Berbagai Metodologi Tafsir. Yogyakarta: Tiara Wacana.
Masthuriyah Sa’dan. (2016). “Khitan Anak Perempuan, Tradisi, dan Paham Keagamaan Islam: Analisa Teks Hermeneutika Fazlur Rahman”. Buana Gender. Vol. 1, No. 2.
Mubarok, Ahmad Agis & Diaz Gandara Rustam. (2018). “Islam Nusantara: Moderasi Islam di Indonesia”, Journal of Islamic Studies and Humanities, Vol. 3, No. 2.
Mustaqim, Abdul. (2011). Epistemologi Tafsir Kontemporer. Yogyakarta: eLKIS.
Qadhi, Abdul Fatah Abdul Gharil al-. (2005). Asbab al-Nuzul 'an al-Shahabah wa Mufassirin. Mesir: Dar al-Salam.
Rahman, F. (1985). Islam and Modernitas. Bandung: Pustaka.
Rahman, Fazlur. (1979). Islam; Past Influence and Present Challenge, Alford 1 Welch & Cachia Pierre (ed), Challenges and Opportunities. Edinburgl Edinburgh University Press.
Rahman, Fazlur. (1980). Major Themes of The Quran. Chichago: Minneoapolis-Bibliotheca Is-lamica.
Rahman, Fazlur. (1982). Islam and Modernity; Transformation of an Intellectual Tradition. Chich-ago and London: University Press.
Rahman, Fazlur. (1986). Interpreting the Alquran, Inquiri, May.
Rahman, Fazlur. (1987). Islam. Trans. Sinoaji Saleh, Jakarta: Bina Aksara.
Rahman, Fazlur. (1990). "An Autobiographical Note". Journal of Islamic Research. Vol. 4, No. 4.
Rahman, Yusuf. (2012). “The Quran as Literature; Literary Interpretation of The Quran”. Journal of Quran and Hadith Studies. Vol. 1, No. 1.
Rahmi dan Novizal Wendry. (2019). “Double Movements dalam Tafsir al-Mishbah”, Al-Bayan: Studi Al-Qur’an dan Tafsir, Vol. 4, No. 2.
Rasyid, Amhar. (2012). “Aplikasi Hermeneutika dalam Bahtsul Masa’il dan Majelis Tarjih”, AL-RISALAH JISH. Vol. 12 No. 1.
Rohman, Holilur. (2017). “Reinterpretesi Konsep Mahram dalam Perjalanan Perempuan Perspek-tif Hermeneutika Fazlur Rahmana”, AL-HUKAMA: The Indonesian Journal of Islamic Family Law. Vol. 07, No. 02.
Shadiqin, Ali. (2008). Antropologi Alquran; Model Dialektika Wahyu dan Realitas. Yogyakarta: ar-Ruzz Media.
Sibawaihi. (2007). Hemeneutika Alquran Fazlur Rahman. Yogyakarta: Jalasutra.
Sifa’ Moh. Agus and Muhammad Aziz. (2018). “Telaah Kritis Pemikiran Hermeneutika “Double Movement” Fazlur Rahman (1919 - 1988)”, Al- Hikmah: Jurnal Studi Keislaman, Vol. 8, No. 1.
Sumantri, Rifki Ahda. (2014). “Hermeneutika Al-Quran Fazlur Rahman Metode Tafsir Double Movement,” Komunika: Jurnal Dakwah dan Komunikasi. Vol. 7, No. 1.
Supena, Ilyas. (2014). Hermeneutika Al-Quran dalam Pandangan Fazlur Rahman. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Ombak.
Sya’bani, Mohammad Ahyan Yusuf. (2019). “Interpretation of Hermeneutics and Religious Normativity: Hermeneutic Approach in Scientific Studies in the Islamic World”. IJISH (International Journal of Islamic Studies and Humanities). Vol. 2. No 1.
Syamsuddin, Sahiron, (2006). Muhammad Å ahrurs Quran Hermeneutik und die Debatte um sie bei muslimischen Autoren (Otto-Friedrich Universitat Barberg
Syamsuddin, Sahiron, et.al. (2003). Hermeneutika al-Qur’an Mazhab Jogja. Yogyakarta: Islami-ka
Tim Penyusun Kementerian Agama RI. (2019). Moderasi Beragama. Jakarta Pusat: Badan Lit-bang dan Diklat Kementerian Agama RI.
Wāhidī, Alī ibn Ahmad al-. (2008). Asbāb al-Nuzūl. Translated by Mokrane Guezzou, Amman, Jordan: Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought.
Yahya, Agusni. (2014). “Pendekatan Hermeneutika dalam Pemahaman Hadis: Kajian Kitab Fath al-Bari Karya Ibn Hajar Al-‘Asqalani”. Ar-Raniry: International Journal of Islamic Stud-ies. Vol. 1, No.2.
Yusuf, Muhammad. (2014). “Bacaan Kontemporer: Hermeneutika Al-Quran Muhammad Syahrur”, Jurnal Diskursus Islam, Vol. 2 No. 1.
Zainol, Nur Zainatul Nadra, et.al. (2018). “An overview on hermeneutics method application to the Quran by Muslim thinkers”. International Journal of Engineering & Technology. Vol. 7, No. 3.25.
Zarqa, Cf. Mustafa Ahmad al- (n.d.). Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti’s al-Itqan fi ‘Ulum al-Quran (hereaf-ter Itqan). Bairut: Dar al-Nadwah al-Jadidah.
Zarqani, Muhammad Abdul 'Azim al-. (2003). Manahil al-'Irfan fi 'Ulu'm Alquran. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-'Ilmiyah.

Downloads

Published

2021-04-01

Issue

Section

Articles